Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) is a chronic condition characterized by impulsive behavior, attention, and hyperactivity. Most of the psychiatrists consider ADHD as a type of mental illness. It is a development condition of inattention and distractibility, with or without hyperactivity. ADHD evaluation is usually done in childhood, but symptoms can continue through adolescence and adulthood, so it may also be diagnosed for the first time in adults. By giving proper treatment, children and adults with ADHD mental illness can live successful, highly productive lives.
What causes ADHD?
ADHD has a number of likely causes because there is no single cause for ADHD through the medical community still can’t pinpoint which one explains the symptoms. It is a biological disorder affected to the brain. Everyday toxins found in foods, flooring and carpeting, lawn products and personal care products may contribute to disorders such as ADHD, autism and learning disabilities. When these toxins disrupt brain development, disabilities like ADHD occurs.
Types of ADHD
ADHD Evaluation is a chronic condition which mainly affects children more than in adults. It can have an impact on emotions, behavior and learning ability. ADHD is divided into three different types
- Inattentive type
- Hyperactive-impulsive type
- Combination type
Symptoms will determine which ADHD mental illness a person has effected. To be diagnosed with ADHD symptoms must have an impact on day to day life. Symptoms can change over time but medications and other treatments can help to improve the quality of your life.
Symptoms of ADHD
Symptoms will determine which ADHD a person has effected. To be diagnosed with ADHD symptoms must have an impact on day to day life. Symptoms can change over time but medications and other treatments can help to improve the quality of your life.
Each type of ADHD belongs to one or more characteristics. The behavior often falls in the following ways
There may be conditions to experience the same symptoms in different ways. For example, the behavior of boys and girls are different. Boys are more hyperactive while girls may be quite inattentive.
If you have this type of ADHD you may experience more symptoms of inattention than impulsivity and hyperactivity. People who experience inattentive behavior often:
- Miss details and distracted easily
- Making careless mistake
- Get bored quickly
- Avoiding task that involves effort
- Move slowly and appears as they are daydreaming
- Unable to follow or understand instructions
- Being forgetful
- Failing to pay on attention
- Having trouble for the following direction
This type is characterized by symptoms of impulsivity and hyperactivity. People having ADHD of these symptoms can display signs of inattention also. People who are impulsive or hyperactive often:
- Feel restless
- Talk constantly
- Routinely getting up while seated
- Having trouble for playing quietly
- Running or climbing at an inappropriate time
- Having difficulty sitting still
- Blurt out answers and inappropriate comments
Students having hyperactive-impulsive ADHD can be a disruption in the classroom. They make learning more difficult for themselves and other students.
If you have a combination ADHD it means that your symptoms exhibit both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive kinds ADHD.
How does ADHD affect the brain?
ADHD mental illness is which first originates in and effects the brain in multiple ways. We know brain controls and regulates all physiological activities. Information processing and sharing across neural networks is an essential part of normal brain functioning. It is achieved by neurotransmitters that transmit nervous stimuli across synapses to other neurons. ADHD is associated with low levels of neurotransmitters transmitting between the prefrontal cortical area basal ganglia. Glutamate levels may be lower in adults with ADHD which is responsible for neurotransmitter abnormalities. This causes dysfunctioning in various parts of the brain.
How to treat ADHD?
ADHD is usually treated with the combination of medication, counseling, and self-care. The first goal of treatment is to manage ADHD symptoms and to promote positive behavior.
- Medication: As children, ADHD is often treated with some kind of stimulant and non-stimulant ADHD medication. Non-stimulant ADHD medication is available which is a type of antidepressant. Other types of antidepressants may be helpful for adults who have depression or anxiety disorder addition to ADHD. Different medications may not be a good option for everyone.
- Counseling: Cognitive behavioral therapy helps the patients thoughts and feelings to understand their behavior. This has been adapted to help people with ADHD. This will help the people to replace negative behaviors with positive behaviors. This will help to improve relationships with other people who are troubling from this symptoms. Learning about the ADHD mental illness is an important part of counseling. Family therapy will also help the entire family understand ADHD.
- Self-Care: After ADHD Evaluation the person living with the ADHD experience sleeping problem. So regular exercise, stay in touch with family and friends are some things that help with mental illness.
Mental illness is a condition that affects mood, thinking, and behavior. It is a disease that causes a mild-severe disturbance in behavior that results in the inability of doing ordinary demands and routines. The main symptoms of ADHD are hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention impact the behavior, mood, and thinking. That’s why ADHD meets the criteria for mental illness. It refers to the chronic biobehavioral disorder that initially manifests in childhood.